A Tale of Two Videos
The difference between making a video and making an impact.
Why do some nonprofit videos motivate donors more than others? Below are two videos produced for the same organization, Fresh Lifelines for Youth (FLY), a nonprofit focused on getting formerly incarcerated kids back on track. One helped FLY reach an annual fundraising goal in just four months. Take a few moments to watch both videos, and see if you can figure out which one accelerated fundraising.
On the surface the two videos appear to have a lot in common: both include staff and clients discussing the way FLY’s programs work, an external partner describing his experience with FLY, and shots of clients engaging in FLY’s programs. So why did the second video attract dramatically more support for FLY than the first? The difference between the films lays not so much in their content as in the way that content is being presented. Generating impact for your cause is not simply about telling a powerful story—it is about telling that story in a strategic way.
Marj Safinia, Kristina Robbins and Nick Higgins are documentary filmmakers who founded The Department of Expansion and understand strategic storytelling. “We realized that all our documentary tools could be really well applied in the nonprofit arena, where people had fantastic stories but weren’t doing a good job of telling them,” Safinia says. When Christa Gannon, FLY’s Executive Director, hired them, she was mainly looking to make an updated version of FLY’s first mission video, which had been produced pro bono by a local production crew following Gannon’s script. But The Department of Expansion wanted FLY to think bigger.
“We don’t start by asking, ‘What are we going to film?’” Safinia explains. “Rather, we ask, 'What are the key problems your organization is facing in terms of growing and being successful?’” Once they determine what the organization needs the film to accomplish, Safinia and Robbins are then able to choose stories that will move the film’s audience in the desired direction.
Through an in-depth interview process with the FLY team, donors, clients, and system partners, Safinia and Robbins discovered a major hurdle FLY was facing. In the past, FLY had received a majority of its funding from the government, but as the recession dragged on, they needed to find a way to dramatically increase funding from private donors. Once this issue was pinpointed, The Department of Expansion began to investigate what stopped private donors from giving.
“We learned we needed to help private donors get over their preconceptions that kids who had already committed crimes were throwaways, unworthy of investment,” Robbins says. To do this, Safinia and Robbins needed to portray FLY’s clients as authentic people with strong core values. They also needed to help potential donors see that FLY’s programs could consistently enable dramatic changes in their kids.
To accomplish these goals, Safinia and Robbins made sure FLY’s clients were introduced to the audience in a positive light before they went deeper into their histories. This helped the viewer identify with the client immediately, which in turn helped the viewer relate to their story. The way clients were interviewed was also part of The Department of Expansion’s strategy—they avoided scripting anything and instead filmed interviews that were natural and conversational. “It’s subtle but incredibly powerful to let people speak in their own voice. That conveys authenticity,” Robbins says.
To illustrate program effectiveness - and not simply have interviewees recite data—the Department of Expansion filmed FLY’s clients moving through the program and experiencing transformative moments. They filmed clients interacting with mentors and didn’t shy away from showing clients both struggle and shine. “By showing what is actually involved in the process, we make the audience understand how much is expected of the kids and why the work is so transformative,” Safinia explains. Giving the audience a real picture of FLY’s clients working through the programs lets them plainly see how these young clients change.
Once FLY began screening the second film to potential donors, its targeted approach clearly proved to be effective. After showing the video for just the first four months of the year, FLY’s annual goal for private donations had been met. And today FLY receives a majority of it’s funding from private donations rather than the government - an important shift for the organization, and one that its leadership attributes to more strategic storytelling.
“The film absolutely sensitized people to our population and to the work we do in a way that is very profound”, Gannon describes. “People who have watched the film have told me: 'I had no idea’ and 'it makes me think so differently about those kids’. Regardless of how much we’ve raised, if we’re able to change people’s perspective of kids in the system, that’s a value add not just to our organization but to the movement in general. This process really taught me to empower the filmmakers.”
Cross-posted with permission from The Goodman Center
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